Chapter 3, ENGINE OVERHAULING

CHAPTER 3. ENGINE OVERHAULING

Engine Removal

ENGINE REMOVAL

NOTE: It is not necessary to remove the engine in order to remove the cylinder head, cylinder, or pistons.

A.   Preparation for Removal

1.    All dirt, mud, dust and foreign material should be thoroughly removed from the exterior of the engine before removal and disassembly. This will help keep harmful foreign material from the engine oil.

2.    Before the engine removal and disassembly, be sure that you have the proper tools and cleaning equipment so that you can perform a clean and efficient job.

3.    During disassembly of the engine, clean and place all of the parts in trays in order of disassembly. This will speed up assembly time and help insure correct reinstallation of all the engine parts.

4.    Place the motorcycle on its center stand. Start the engine and allow it to warm up. Stop the engine and drain the engine and middle gear oil.

5.    Remove the oil filter element from the crankcase.

6.    Remove the left and right side covers.

B.   Fuel Tank

1.    Turn the fuel cock to "ON".

2.    Open the seat and remove the fuel tank securing clamp and retainer. Lift the rear end of the fuel tank and disconnect the fuel pipe and vacuum pipe from the cock.

1. Clip 2. Retainer

3. Remove the tool tray.

C . Brake Pedal and Exhaust Pipe

1.    Remove the rear brake pedal.

2.    Remove the exhaust pipe holding nuts from the cylinder head.

3.    Loosen the clamp bolts securing the exhaust pipes to the right and left mufflers. Remove the exhaust pipes.

4. Remove the bolts holding the muffler bracket to the crankcase.

D. Battery Case

1. Remove the negative battery cable from the battery terminal then remove the positive battery plate. Remove the battery.

1. Positive battery plate

2. Remove the starter motor lead wire from the starter relay and disconnect the relay leads form the wire harness.

1.  Starter motor lead wire `2. Starter relay

3. Remove the battery case holding bolts and remove the battery case with the starter relay assembly.

E. Air Cleaner Case

1.    Remove the ignitor unit mounting board securing screw and disconnect all connectors. Remove the board assembly.

2.    Remove the clamps holding the carburetors to the air cleaner case and intake manifolds.         Remove the crankcase ventilation hose at the air cleaner case.

1. Crankcase ventilation hose

3. Remove the bolts holding the air cleaner case to the frame (left and upper)

1. Engine ground wire

4.    Remove the air cleaner joint rubbers.

5.    Remove the starter (CHOKE) and clutch cables from the carburetor assembly.

6.    Pull the carburetor assembly to the rear.

1. Starter (CHOKE) cable    2. Clutch cable

7. Disconnect the throttle cable from the carburetor throttle lever and remove the carburetor assembly to the right.

1. Throttle cable

F. Wiring and Cables

1.    Disconnect the clutch cable at the crank-case side.

2.    Remove the spark plug lead wires and the tachometer cable.

3. Disconnect the pick-up coil and A.C.G. lead wire couplers.

Position the disconnected wires so they will not be damaged during engine removal.

CAUTION: The A.C.G. lead, starter cable, and pick-up lead are clamped at the upper cross tube of the frame. Do not forget to remove this clamp before removing the engine.

G. Drive Shaft Joint

1.    Remove the coil spring holding the rubber boot.

2.    Pull the rubber boot from the drive shaft coupling to expose the joint bolts.

3.    Remove the joint bolts on the drive shaft coupling.

I. Engine Removal

1. Remove the front engine mounting bolts and nuts. Remove the brackets.

1 Front engine mounting bolts

2. Remove the rear engine mounting bolts and right and left footrests.

3. Slide the engine forward slightly and remove the engine to the right.

NOTE: Position a box or other support to the right side of the motorcycle for the assistance when removing the engine.

Cylinder Head Removal

ENGINE OVERHAUL

A. Cylinder Head and Cylinder

1.    Remove the cylinder head cover.

2.    Remove the left crankcase cover (pickup coil cover).

3.    Remove the cam chain tensioner.

4. Use a 19 mm wrench on the timing plate flats to rotate the crankshaft counterclockwise until the engine is at T.D.C.

Never use an alien wrench to rotate the crankshaft. Always use the 19 mm flats provided on the timing plate to rotate this engine.

5. Remove the four cam sprocket bolts.

6. Slip each sprocket off its mounting boss on the cam.

CAUTION:

From this point on, do not rotate the cam shaft or valve damage may occur. On this, it is not necessary to break the cam chain. However, it can be broken if so desired. It is easier to disassemble the engine without separating the chain.

7. Remove the cam chain guide.

1, Cam chain guide

8. Remove the cam caps. Note the location of the cam caps. The caps for the intake cam shaft are identified 1-1 through I-3. The exhaust cam caps are identified E-1 through E-3. Directional arrows are cast on each cap and point toward the clutch side.

9. Fasten safety wire to the cam chain to prevent its falling into the crankcase cavity.

Slide the cams and sprockets from under the chain and remove the cams and sprockets.

10. Remove the front cam chain guide.

1. Front cam chain guide

11.    Remove the spark plugs.

12.    Remove the cylinder head bolts and nuts in the numerical order as shown. Start by loosening each nut 1/2 turn until all of the nuts are loose. Remove the cylinder head.

 

Cylinder and Cylinder Head Disassembly

13. Remove the front cylinder holding nut and remove the cylinder assembly. It may be necessary to tap the cylinder lightly to loosen it from the base gasket.

14. Remove the rear cam chain guide by loosening the holding bolt.

1. Holding bolt 2. Rear cam chain guide

B. Cylinder Head Disassembly

1. Remove the valve lifters and pads. Be careful not to scratch the lifter bodies or lifter bores in the cylinder head. Be very careful to identify each lifters position so that it may be returned to its original place.

1. Valve filter 2. Adjusting pad

2. Mount the valve spring compressor on the head and depress each valve spring. Take out the retainer and valve spring with tweezers.

1. Valve spring compressor

3. Remove valves.

NOTE:

Deburr any deformed valve stem end. Use an oil stone to smooth the stem end. This will help prevent damage to the valve guide during valve removal.

4. Use a small box to hold the parts and identify the original position of each lifter and valve. Be very careful not to mix the location of these components.

 

Piston, Pickup Coil, Shifter, Starter, Generator and Clutch Removal

C. Piston

1. Mark each piston to aid in reassembly.

2.   Place a clean towel or rag into the crank-case to keep circlips and material from falling into the engine.

3.    Remove piston pin clips, piston pins, and pistons.

D. Pick-up Coil Assembly

1. Remove the alien bolt that holds the timing plate.

2. Remove the pick-up coil securing screws and remove the pick-up coil assembly.

E. Shifter

1.    Remove the change pedal.

2.    Remove the left crankcase cover.

3. Remove the shift lever assembly and shift shaft assembly.

1. Shift lever assembly 2. Shift shaft assembly

4. Remove the middle gear case oil level maintaining plug.

F. Starter Motor and Generator

1. Remove the starter motor securing bolts and remove the motor assembly.

2. Remove the generator cover and stator coil assembly.

 

3. Install the rotor holding tool (special tool) on the rotor as shown and remove the rotor holding bolt.

1. Rotor holding tool

4. Invert the holding tool as shown and insert the rotor puller adapter (special tool) into the rotor shaft and screw in the rotor puller (special tool). Remove the rotor.

1. Rotor puller adapter

G. Clutch

1. Remove right crankcase cover.

2. Release the tension evenly on the 6 mm bolts and remove the clutch pressure plate and clutch springs.

3.    Remove the friction plates and clutch plates.

4.   Straighten the lock washer tab. Use the clutch boss holder (special tool) to hold the clutch boss and remove the lock nut and lock washer.

1. Clutch boss holder

5. Remove the clutch boss and spacer.

6. Screw in a suitable length of 6 mm bolt into the one of the threaded holes on the collar and pull out the collar and needle bearing from the primary driven gear.

1. Collar

7. Remove the primary driven gear assembly and oil pump drive sprocket.

Oil Pump and Middle Gear Disassembly

H. Oil Pump Removal and Disassembly

1. Remove the strainer cover. Note the wire harness clip position.

2. Remove the oil pump securing bolts and remove the sprocket cover and oil pump assembly.

CAUTION:

Do not attempt to remove the strainer screen as it is permanently fitted onto the pump housing. If the pump housing and/or any parts of the pump are damaged, the pump assembly must be replaced with a new one.

3. Remove the oil pump driven sprocket.

4, Remove the oil pump cover and rotor assembly.

5. Remove the pressure relief valve spring and plunger.

I. Middle Gear

1. Remove the middle driven gear housing holding bolts.

2.    Remove the middle driven gear housing assembly and shims.

NOTE:2010-05-23

If it is difficult to remove housing assembly, loosen the two crankcase bolts located near the middle driven gear housing.

3. Remove "TORX" screws holding the middle drive gear assembly.

4. Remove the bearing retainers.

Upper Crankcase Disassembly

J. Crankcase Disassembly

1. Remove the upper crankcase bolts, starting the highest numbered bolt. Turn over the engine and remove the lower crankcase bolts,

XJ650

CRANKCASE TORQUE SEQUENCE

UPPER CASE

LOWERCASE

2. Separate the lower case from the engine. Use a soft rubber hammer to carefully separate the crankcase.

K. Upper Crankcase

1. Remove the middle drive gear and damper assembly.

2. Remove the transmission main shaft assembly.

3. Remove the A.C.G. shaft cover.

4, Remove the oil spray nozzle.

5. Carefully remove the A.C.G. shaft from the gear.

6. Remove the gear from the chain.

7. Straighten the lock washer tube and remove the bolt securing the starter idle gear shaft. Remove the shaft and starter idle gear.

Lower Crankcase Disassembly

L. Lower Crankcase

1.    Remove the dowel pin and "O-ring".

2.    Remove the shift fork guide bar and shift forks. The shift forks are identified by numbers cast on their sides.

3.    Remove the bolt securing the shift cam locating pin and remove the stopper plate and locating pin.

4.    Remove the neutral switch.

1. Shift cam locating pin 2. Neutral switch

5.   Pull out the shift cam.

6.    Remove the driven shaft bearing cover holding screws and remove the bearing cover.

7. Remove the bearing and 5th wheel gear from the driven shaft and pull out the driven shaft assembly.

1. 5th wheel gear

Cylinder Head and Valves -- Inspection & Repair

INSPECTION AND REPAIR

A.   Cylinder Head Cover

Place head cover on a surface plate. There should be no warpage. Correct by re-surfacing as follows:

Place #400 or #600 grit wet sandpaper on surface plate and re-surface head cover using a figure-eight sanding pattern. Rotate head cover several times to avoid removing too much material from one side.

B.   Cylinder Head

1. Using a rounded scraper, remove carbon deposits from combustion chamber. Take care to avoid damaging spark plug threads and valve seats. Do not use a sharp instrument. Avoid scratching the aluminum.

2.    Check the cylinder head warpage with a straight edge as shown.

The warpage should not exceed the specified limit, if necessary resurface. If the warpage exceeds allowable limit, the cylinder head should be replaced with a new one.

Cylinder head warpage:

less than 0.05 mm (0.002 in) Allowable limit: 0.25 mm (0.010 in)

C. Valve, Valve Guide, and Valve Seat

1. Check the valve face and the stem end for wear. If the valve face and/or the stem end are pitted or worn, regrind the valve with a valve refacer. Replace the valve if any dimension exceeds the specifications in the illustration.

2. Valve stem wear must be measured and then combined with valve guide measurements to guide clearance. This clearance must be within tolerances. If it exceeds the maximum limit, then replace either or both valve and guide, as necessary.


Valve Stem Clearance

Maximum

Intake

0.010 — 0.037 mm (0.0004-0.0015 in)

0.10 mm (0.004 in)

Exhaust

0.025-0.052 mm (0.0010-0.0020 in)

0.12 mm (0.005 in)

 

3.    Valve stem end

Inspect the end of the valve stem. If the end appears to be "mushroomed" or has a larger diameter than the rest of the stem, the valve, valve guide, and oil seal should be replaced.

4.   Turn valve on "V" blocks and measure the amount of stem runout with a dial gauge. If it exceeds the maximum limit, replace the valve.

Maximum valve stem runout: 0.03 mm (0.0012 in)

5. Valve guide and valve oil seal replacement If oil leaks into the cylinder through a valve due to a worn valve guide, or if a valve is replaced, the valve guide should also be replaced.

NOTE:

The valve oil seal should be replaced whenever a valve is removed or replaced.

a. Measure valve guide inside diameter with a small bore gauge. If it exceeds the limit, replace with an oversize valve guide.

Guide diameter (I.D.):

Limit: 7.10 mm (0.280 in)

b.  To ease guide removal and reinstallation, and to maintain the correct interference fit, heat the head to 100t (212°F). Use an oven to avoid any possibility of head warpage due to uneven heating.

c.   Use the appropriate shouldered punch (special tool) to drive the old guide out and drive the new guide in.

NOTE:

When a valve guide is replaced, the O-ring should also be replaced.

1. Valve guide remover

2. Valve guide installer

d. After installing the valve guide, use the 7 mm reamer (special tool) to obtain the proper valve guide to valve stem clearance.

e. After installing the valve guide in the cylinder head, the valve seat must be recut. The valve should be lapped to the new seat.

6. Grinding the Valve Seat

a. The valve seat is subject to severe wear. Whenever the valve is replaced or the valve face is re-surfaced (see caution) the valve seat should be re-surfaced at a 45° angle. If a new valve guide has been installed the valve seat must be recut to guarantee complete sealing between the valve face and seat.

CAUTION:

If the valve seat is obviously pitted or worn, it should be cleaned with a valve seat cutter. Use the 45° cutter, and when twisting the cutter, keep an even downward pressure to prevent chatter marks.

If cutting section "A" of the valve seat, use 30° cutter. If cutting section "B", use the 45° cutter. If cutting section "C" use 60° cutter. b. Measure valve seat width. Apply mechanic's bluing dye (such as Dykem) to the valve face and valve seat, apply a very small amount of fine grinding compound around the surface of the valve face insert the valve into position, and spin the valve quickly back and forth. Lift the valve, clean off all grinding compound, and check valve seat width. The valve seat and valve face will have removed bluing wherever they contacted each other. Measure the seat width with vernier calipers. It should measure approximately 1.1 mm (0.0433 in). Also, the seat should be uniform in contact area. If valve seat width varies, or if pits still exist, further cutting will be necessary. Remove just enough material to achieve a satisfactory seat.


Standard Width

Wear Limit

Seat width

1.0 ±0.1 mm (0.0394 ± 0.0039in)

2.0 mm (0.080 in)

a. Seat width

c. If the valve seat is uniform around the perimeter of the valve face, but is too wide or not centered on the valve face, it must be altered. Use either the 30°, 45° or 60° cutters to correct the improper

seat location in the manner described below:

1) If the valve face shows that the valve seat is centered on the valve face, but too wide, then lightly use both the 30° and the 60° cutters to reduce the seat width to 1.1 mm (0.0433 in).

1. Valve seat cutter

2)   If the seat shows to be in the middle of the valve face, but too narrow, use the 45°cutter until the width equals 1.1 mm (0.0433 in).

3)   If the seat is too narrow and right up near the valve margin, then first use the 30° cutter and then the 45° cutter to get the correct seat width.

4)   If the seat is too narrow and down near the bottom edge of the valve face, then first use the 60° cutter and then the 45° cutter.

7. Lapping the valve/valve seat assembly a. The valve/valve seat assembly should be lapped if neither the seat nor the valve face are severely worn.

b. Apply a small amount of coarse lapping compound to valve face. Insert the valve into the head. Rotate the valve until the valve and valve seat are evenly polished. Clean off the coarse compound, then follow the same procedure with fine compound.

Continue lapping until the valve face shows a complete and smooth surface all the way around. Clean off the compound material. Apply bluing dye to the valve face and seat and rotate the valve face for full seat contact which is indicated by a grey surface all around the valve face where the bluing has been rubbed away.

c. Valve leakage check

After all work has been performed on the valve and valve seat, and all head parts have been assembled, check for proper valve/valve seat sealing by pouring solvent into each of the intake ports, then the exhaust ports. There should be no leakage past the seat. If fluid leaks, disassemble and continue to lap with fine lapping compound. Clean all parts thoroughly, reassemble and check again with solvent. Repeat this procedure as often as necessary to obtain a satisfactory seal.

 

Valve Springs and Lifters, Camshafts, Chain and Guides -- Inspection and Repair

D. Valve Spring and Lifters

1. Checking the valve springs

a.   This engine uses two springs of different sizes to prevent valve float or surging. The valve spring specifications show the basic value characteristics.

b.   Even though the spring is constructed of durable spring steel, it gradually loses

some of it's tension. This is evidenced by a gradual shortening of free length. Use a vernier caliper to measure spring free length. If the free length of any spring has decreased more than 2 mm (0.080 in) from its specification replace it.

c. Another symptom of a fatigued spring is insufficient spring pressure when compressed. This can be checked using a valve spring compression rate gauge. Test each spring individually. Place it in the gauge and compress the spring first to the specified compressed length with the valve closed (all spring specifications can be found in the previous section, Valve Spring), then to the length with the valve open. Note the poundage indicated on the scale at each setting. Use this procedure with the outer springs, then the inner springs.

NOTE:

All valve springs must be installed with larger pitch upward as shown.

Valve Spring Specifications

 

OUTER

INNER

Free length

39.5 mm (1.55 in)

35.9 mm (1.413 in)

Installed length (valve closed)

34.0 mm (1.339 in)

31.0 mm (1.220 in)

Installed pressure

19.1 kg (42.1 lb)

9.0 kg (19.8 1b)

Allowable tilt from vertical

1.6°


2. Valve lifter

a. Check each valve lifter for scratches or other damage. If the lifter is damaged in any way, the cylinder head surface in which it rides is probably also damaged. If the damage is severe, it may be necessary to replace both the lifter and the cylinder head.

NOTE:

For proper valve lifter-to-head clearance, always install lifters on their original valves.

E. Camshafts, Cam chain and Cam Sprockets

1. Camshaft

a.   The cam lobe metal surface may have a blue discoloration due to excessive friction. The metal surface could also start to flake off or become pitted.

b.   If any of the above wear conditions are readily visible, the camshaft should be replaced.

c.   Even though the cam lobe surface appears to be in satisfactory condition, the lobes should be measured with a micrometer. Cam lobe wear can occur without scarring the surface. If this wear exceeds a pre-determined amount, valve timing and lift are affected. Replace the camshaft if wear exceeds the limits.

d.   Install the camshaft on the cylinder head. Place a strip of Plastigage between camshaft and camshaft cap as illustrated (lengthwise along camshaft). Tighten the nuts with specified torque. Remove the camshaft cap and determine the clearance by measuring the width of the flattened Plastigage.

Cap nut tightening torque: 1.0m-kg(7.2ft-lb)

1. Plastigage

NOTE:

Do not turn camshaft when measuring clearance with Plastigage.

Camshaft-to-cap clearance:

Standard:

0.020-0.054 mm

 

(0.0008- 0.0021 in)

Maximum:

0.160 mm (0.006 in)

If the camshaft-to-cap clearance exceeds specification, measure camshaft bearing surface diameter.

Bearing surface diameter:

Standard:

24.967-24.980 mm

 

(0.9830-0.9835 in)

1) If camshaft diameter is less than specification, causing excessive clearance, replace camshaft.

2)  If camshaft is within specification and camshaft-to-cap clearance is excessive, replace cylinder head.

2.    Cam chain

Except in cases of oil starvation, the cam chain wears very little. If the cam chain has stretched excessively and it is difficult to keep the proper cam chain tension, the chain should be replaced.

3.    Cam sprockets

Check cam sprockets for obvious wear.

4, Cam chain dampers and tensioner

Inspect the top cam chain damper (stopper guide) and two (2) vertical (slipper-type) dampers for excessive wear. Any that shows excessive wear should be replaced. Worn dampers may indicate an improperly adjusted or worn-out cam chain.

Cylinder and Piston -- Inspection and Repair

F. Cylinder

1.    Inspect the cylinder walls for scratches. If vertical scratches are evident, the cylinder wall should be rebored or the cylinder should be replaced.

2.   Measure cylinder wall wear as shown. If wear is excessive, compression pressure will decrease. Rebore the cylinder wall and replace the piston and piston rings. Cylinder wear should be measured at three depths with a cylinder bore gauge. (See illustration.)


Standard

Wear Limit

Cylinder bore

63.00 mm (2.480 in)

63.10 mm (2.484 in)

Cylinder taper

0.05 mm (0.002 in)

Cylinder out-of-round

0.01 mm (0.0004 in)

If the cylinder wall is worn more than the wear limit, it should be rebored.

G. Piston and Piston Rings

1. Piston

a. Measure the outside diameter of the piston at the piston skirt. Measurement should be made at a point 7.5 mm (0.3 in) above the bottom edge of the piston. Place the micrometer at right angles to the piston pin.

Standard

63.00 mm (2.480 in)

Oversize 1

63.25 mm (2.490 in)

Oversize 2

63.50 mm (2.500 in)

Oversize 3

63.75 mm (2.510 in)

Oversize 4

64.00 mm (2.520 in)

a. 7.5 mm (0.3 in)

b. Determine piston clearance as follows:

Minimum bore measurement - Maximum piston measurement = Piston clearance

EXAMPLE:

63.0 mm (2.4803 in) - 62.96 mm (2.4787 in) = 0.04 mm (0.0016 in)

Piston clearance

Piston clearance:
Standard: 0.030~ 0.050 mm (0.0012~ 0.0020 in)
Service limit: 0.1 mm (0.0039 in)

c. Piston ring/ring groove fit must have correct clearance. If the piston and ring have already been used, the ring must be removed and the ring groove cleaned of carbon. The ring should then be reinstalled. Use a feeler gauge to measure the gap between the ring and the land.

Side clearance

Top

0.03- 0.07 mm (0.0012- 0.0028 in)

2nd

0.02-0.06 mm (0.0008- 0.0024 in)

1. Feeler gauge

2. Piston ring

a. The oversize top and middle ring sizes are stamped on top of the ring.

Oversize 1

0.25 mm (0.0098 in)

Oversize 2

0.50 mm (0.0197 in)

Oversize 3

0.75 mm (0.0295 in)

Oversize 4

1.00 mm (0.0394 in)

b. The expander spacer of the bottom ring (oil control ring) is color-coded to identify sizes.

The color mark is painted on the expander spacer.

Size

Color

Oversize 1

Brown

Oversize 2

Blue

Oversize 3

Black

Oversize 4

Yellow

c. Push the ring into the bore and check end gap clearance with a feeler gauge.

NOTE:
The end gap on the expander spacer of the oil control ring is unmeasurable. If the oil control ring rails show excessive gap, all three components should be replaced.

 


Standard

Limit

Top/2nd ring

0.15 — 0.35 mm (0.006- 0.014 in)

1.0 mm (0.039 in)

Oil control (Rails)

0.3-0.9 mm (0.012-0.035 in)

1.5 mm (0.059 in)

H. Piston Pin

1.    Apply a light film of oil to pin. Install in connecting rod small end. Check for play. There should be no noticeable vertical play. If play exists, check connecting rod small end for wear. Replace pin and connecting rod as required.

2.    The piston pin should have no noticeable free play in piston. If the piston pin is loose, replace the pin and/or the piston.

 

Crankshaft, Con rods and Bearings -- Inspection and Repair

I. Crankshaft

1. Crankshaft run-out

Support the crankshaft at both ends on V-blocks. Measure the amount of crankshaft run-out on the main bearing journals with a dial gauge while rotating crankshaft.

Run-out limit: 0.040 mm (0.0016 in!

If run-out exceeds limit, replace crankshaft.

2. Inspection of bearings

Check the bearings. If the inner or outer surface is burned, flaked, rough, scratched or worn, the bearings should be replaced.

replaced. 3. Measuring main bearing oil clearance

a.   Clean all crankshaft and crankcase journal surfaces.

b.  Place upper crankcase half upside-down on a bench. Install bearing inserts into top crankcase.

c.   Install crankshaft into upper crankcase.

d.  Place Plastigage on crankshaft journal surface to be inspected.

NOTE:

Do not move crankshaft until clearance check has been completed.

e.   Install bearings into bottom crankcase. Carefully, place lower crankcase onto upper crankcase.

f.   Install crankcase holding bolts 1 through 10. Tighten to full torque in torque sequence cast on crankcase.

Crankcase torque (8 mm bolt): 2.4 m-kg (17.5 ft-lb)

g.   Remove bolts in reverse assembly order (10,9,8... etc.)

h. Carefully remove lower crankcase. Measure width of Plastigage on crankshaft journals to determine clearance.

Main bearing oil clearance: 0.040 - 0.064 mm (0.0016-0.0025 in)

1. Plastigage

4. Crankshaft main bearing selection a. Numbers used to indicate crankshaft journal sizes are stamped on the L.H. crank web. The first five (5) are main bearing journal numbers, starting with the left journal. The four (4) rod bearing journal numbers follow in the same sequence.

The upper crankcase half is numbered 4, 5, or 6 as shown.

1. Main bearing numbers

b. The connecting rods are numbered 4 or 5. The numbers for rods are stamped with ink on the rod itself.

1. Connecting rod size number

c. The proper bearing selection is made by subtracting the crankshaft journal number from the crankcase or rod size number. Use the color code to choose the proper bearing.

EXAMPLE:

Rod No. (Minus) Journal No. = Bearing No. 5-2 = 3 No. 3 bearing is Brown. Use Brown bearing inserts.

BEARING COLOR CODE

No. 1

Blue

No. 2

Black

No. 3

Brown

No. 4

Green

*No. 5

Yellow

#For crankshaft main bearing only.

d.  When assembling, apply a liberal coat of motor oil to all bearing surfaces.

NOTE:

When applying final torque to the rod caps, observe the following procedures:

e.  Apply molybdenum disulfide grease to connecting rod bolt threads. Apply torque evenly to both ends of the cap. While tightening, if a torque of 2.0 m-kg (14.5 ft-lb) or more is reached, DO NOT STOP tightening until final torque is reached. If tightening is interrupted between 2.0 m-kg and 2.5 m-kg, loosen the nut to less than 2.0 m-kg and start again. Tighten to full torque specification without pausing.

Oil Pump and Clutch -- Inspection and Repair

J. Oil Pump

1. Check the clearance between housing and outer rotor.

Standard clearance:

0.09 ~ 0.15 mm

(0.0035 ~ 0.0059 in)

2. Check the clearance between outer rotor and inner rotor.

Standard clearance

0.12 mm (0.005 in) or less

3. Check the plunger for scratches and wear.

1. Relief valve plunger

K. Clutch

1. Clutch housing

a. Check the dogs on the clutch housing. Look for cracks and signs of galling on edges. If damage is moderate, deburr. If severe, replace the clutch housing.

NOTE:

Galling on the friction plate dogs of the clutch housing will cause erratic clutch operation.

b. Check the clutch housing bearing for damage. If damaged replace bearing.

2. Clutch boss

a.   The clutch boss contains a built-in damper beneath the first clutch plate (clutch plate 2). It is not normally necessary to remove the circlip and disassemble the built-in damper unless there is serious clutch chattering.

b.   Check splines on clutch boss for galling. If damage is slight to moderate, deburr; if it is severe, replace clutch boss.

NOTE:

Galling on clutch plate splines will cause erratic operation.

3. Friction and clutch plates

Check clutch steel plates and friction plates for heat damage. Measure friction plate thickness at 3 or 4 points. Measure

clutch plates for warpage with a dial gauge and stand. Replace clutch plate or friction plates as a set if any is faulty or beyond wear limits.

 

Standard

Wear limit

Friction plate thickness

3.0 mm (0.12 in)

2.8 mm (0.11 in)

Clutch plate warp limit

0.05 mm (0.0020 in)

1. Feeler gauge

4. Clutch actuating mechanism

1. Plate washer 2. Thrust bearing 3. Pull rod

a.   Check the pull rod rack gear teeth for wear and damage, replace if damaged.

b.  Check the pull rod thrust bearing for damage, replace if damaged.

c.   Check the clutch lever shaft pinion gear teeth for damage, replace if damaged.

5. Clutch springs

Measure the clutch spring free length. Replace the springs as a set if any is less than minimum free length.

Clutch spring minimum length: 39.1 mm (1.539 in)

Transmission -- Inspection and Repair

L. Transmission

1. Inspect each shift fork for signs of galling on gear contact surfaces. Check for bending. Make sure each fork slides freely on its guide bar.

2.    Roll the guide bar across a surface place. If the bar is bent, replace.

3.    Check the shift cam grooves for signs of wear or damage. If any profile has excessive wear and/or damage, replace cam.

4. Check the cam followers on each shift fork for wear. Check the ends that ride in the grooves in the shift cam. If they are worn or damaged, replace the shift forks.

5.    Check shift cam dowel pins and side plate for looseness, damage or wear. Replace as required.

6.    Check the shift cam stopper plate and circlip and stopper for wear. Replace as required.

7.   Check the transmission shafts using a centering device and dial gauge. If any shaft is bent beyond specified limit, replace shaft.

Maximum run-out: 0.08 mm (0.0031 in)

8.    Carefully inspect each gear. Look for signs of obvious heat damage (blue discoloration). Check the gear teeth for signs of pitting, galling or other extreme wear. Replace as required.

9.    Check to see that each gear moves freely on its shaft.

10.    Check to see that all washers and clips are properly installed and undamaged. Replace bent or loose clips and bent washers.

11.    Check to see that each gear properly engages its counterpart on the shaft. Check the mating dogs for rounded edges, cracks, or missing portions. Replace as required.

M. Starter Drivers

1. Electric starter clutch and gears

a.   Check the surface of the idle gear for pitting or other damage. If severe, replace the gear.

b.   Check the spring caps and the springs for deformation or damage. If severe, replace as necessary.

c.   Check the starter clutch bolts (alien screw) for looseness. If loose, remove the bolts and replace with new bolts. Apply a thread locking compound such as "LOCTITE" to threads and tighten to specified torque. Stake over the end of the bolts.

Starter clutch bolt torque: 3.0 m-kg (21.7 ft-lb)

d.  Check the "HY-VO" chain for damage and wear, replace if damaged.

e.   Check the "HY-VO" chain guide for damage, replace if damaged.

N. Crankcases and Strainer Cover

1. Check crankcase for cracks or other damage.

2.    Clean all oil passages and blow out with compressed air.

3.    Strainer cover: Apply a thread locking compound such as "LOCTITE" to strainer cover bolts during reassembly.

O. Bearing and Oil Seals

1. After cleaning and lubricating bearings, rotate inner race with a finger. If rough spots are felt, replace the bearing.

NOTE:

Bearings are most easily removed or installed if the housings are first heated to approximately 95°~12E?C (200°~250°F). Bring the case up to proper temperature slowly. Use an oven to avoid distortion.

2.    Check oil seal lips for damage and wear. Replace as required.

Middle Gear -- Inspection and Repair

P. Middle Gear

1. Damper disassembly

NOTE:-------------------------------------------------------

Disassembly of the middle gear damper requires the damper compressor (special tool) and a hydraulic press.

a. Place the middle drive shaft in a press with the damper compressor (special tool) in place as shown.

1. Damper compressor

b.   Press the damper spring and remove the spring retainers.

c.   Remove the spring seat, spring, and damper cams from the drive shaft.

2. Inspection

a. Inspect the damper cam surfaces. Check for smooth cam action and excessive wear on the cam surface. If cam surface is severely worn, replace damper assembly.

b.   Inspect the damper spring for fatigue, wear and damage. Replace as necessary.

c.   Check bearing movement for damage to balls, rouge spots, bearing looseness. Inspect gear teeth. If any gear tooth and/or bearing are damaged, the gear set and/or bearing must be replaced.

3. Middle drive/driven shaft bearing removal

,—CAUTION:--------------------------------------------.

The following procedures should be performed only if the bearing or gear is to be replaced.

a. Middle drive gear

1) Bend down the locking collar of the nut with a suitable center punch.

2) Support the middle drive shaft holder (special tool) in a vise securely and put

the drive pinion on it as shown. Remove the bearing holding nut with the 46 mm socket (special socket) and remove the bearing.

1. Middle drive shaft nut wrench (46 mm socket)

2. Middle drive shaft holder

b. Middle driven gear

1) Support the drive flange in a vise

securely. Remove the flange holding nut.

r—CAUTION:--------------------------------------------.

This holding nut has been locked with a thread locking compound, when reinstalling do not forget to apply a thread locking compound such as "LOCTITE" and punch.

2) Remove the drive flange from the driven shaft.

NOTE:—---------------------------------------------------

Driven gear shaft bearing should be replaced together with a bearing housing.

4. Middle gear reassembly

a. Middle drive gear bearing and damper

1) Install the bearing onto the drive pinion

and secure it with a new lock nut using

the middle drive shaft holder and special

socket.

Tightening torque:

11 m-kg (80 ft-lb)

2) Stake the locking collar of the nut to the slot on the drive pinion shaft.

3) Install the driven damper cam onto the drive pinion shaft with the cam lobes positioned 90° from the row of shaft oil holes. Positioning tolerance is ± 1 spline (1!?) from the90°position.

1. Oil hole

4) Install the drive damper cams, spring, spring seat, and retainers using a press and the damper compressor.

b. Middle driven gear

1) Install the new bearing housing assembly onto the driven pinion shaft.

i—CAUTION:------------------------------------------

Do not press the bearing outer race. Always press the inner race with care when installing.

2) Install the drive flange and new "O-ring" onto the driven gear shaft. Apply a thread locking compound such as "LOCTITE" to the shaft threads and tighten the nut to the specified torque.

Tightening torque:

12 m-kg (87 ft-lb)

3) Stake the nut with a center punch to lock as shown.

4) Install the new "O-ring" onto the bearing housing.

Upper Crankcase Reassembly

ENGINE ASSEMBLY AND ADJUSTMENT

A. Important Information

1.    Gasket and seal

All gaskets and seals should be replaced when an engine is overhauled. All gasket surfaces and oil seal lips must be cleaned.

2.    Properly oil all mating engine and transmission parts and bearings during reassembly.

3.    Circlip

All circlips should be inspected carefully before reassembly. Always replace piston pin clips after one use. Replace distorted circlips.

When installing a circlip, make sure that the sharp edged corner is positioned opposit to the thrust it receives. See the sectional view below.

4. Lock washer/plate and cotter pin

All lock washers/plates and cotter pins must be replaced when they are removed. Lock washer/plate tab(s) should be bent over along the bolt or nut flat(s) after tightening the bolt or nut properly (see illustration).

Cotter pins should be replaced after one use.

B. Engine Assembly 1. Upper crankcase

a. Install the connecting rods onto the crankshaft with the proper connecting rod bearings and apply molybedenum disulfide grease to the bolt threads. Apply torque evenly to both ends of the cap.

I— CAUTION:--------------------------------------------1

While tightening, if a torque of 2.0 m-kg (14.5 ft-lb) or more is reached, DO NOT STOP tightening until final torque is reached.

If tightening is interrupted between 2.0 m-kg and 2.5 m-kg, loosen the nut to less than 2.0 m-kg and start again. Tighten to full torque specification without pausing.

Rod cap torque: 2.5 m-kg (18.1 ft-lb)

b- Install the proper cankshaft main bearings into the crankcase and place the crankshaft. Oil the bearings liberaly.

NOTE:-------------------------------------------------------

Do not forget to install the crankshaft oil seal (L.H.), blind plug (R.H.), "HY-VO" chain and cam chain on the crankshaft before installing. Also, install the chain guide into upper crankcase if removed.

c. Install the starter idle gear, shaft, stopper plate, and new lock plate. Tighten the bolt securely and bend the lock tabs along the bolt flats.

1. Lock washer

Tightening torque: 1.0 m-kg (7.2 ft-lb)

d.  Put the starter clutch and sprocket assembly in the "HY-VO" chain and lay it into the crankcase.

e.   Install the A.C.G. Generator shaft into the starter clutch assembly.

f. Install the "HY-VO" chain oil spray nozzle. The locating pin on the nozzle should be placed into the crankcase locating slot. Do not forget to install the new "O-ring" onto the nozzle.

1. O-ring

g. Install the new "O-ring" onto the bearing housing and install it with the panhead screw.

h. Install the transmission main axle assembly on the upper crankcase. Point the bearing locating pin toward the crankshaft and lav it on the case.

1. Bearing locating pin

i. Install the middle driven gear (without the middle drive pinion gear).

j. Install the middle driven gear shaft end bearing.

k. Install the dowel pin with "O-ring" into the crankcase.

Lower Crankcase Reassembly

2. Lower crankcase

a.   Install the shift cam and secure it with the guide pin. Install the stopper plate and bolt and tighten securely.

b.   Install the neutral switch.

c. Install the transmission drive axle assembly into the crankcase.

d. Install the 5th wheel gear and bearing onto the drive axle. Install the bearing cover. Be sure the "O-ring" is on the cover.

1. O-ring

e. Install the shift forks and guide bar. Each shift fork is identified by a number cast on its side. All the numbers should face the left side and numbered 1, 2, and 3 from left.

3. Crankcase assembly a. Apply Yamaha bond # 4 sealant or equivalent to the crankcase mating surface. Be very careful not to allow any sealant to come in contact with the oil gallery "O-ring" and crankshaft bearings. It is extremely important, however, that sealant be applied around the case stud holes. Apply sealant to within 2~3 mm (0.08 ~0.12 in) of the bearings.

CAUTION:---------------------------------------

Failure to apply sealant here will result in reduced oil pressure and possible crank seizure.

a. 2~3 mm (0.08~0.12 in) Do not apply sealant.

b. The crankcases are assembled by placing the upper case half on the bench and lowering the lower case onto it.

NOTE:---------------------------------------------------

Be sure that shift fork No. 2 engages the groove in the 2nd pinion gear on the main axle.

CAUTION:----------------------------------------

Before installing and torquing the crankcase bolts, check to make sure the transmission is functioning properly by shifting it by hand with the shift cam.

c.   Start installation of the crankcase bolts with the center crankshaft area bolts. Place the two bolts without washers in the oil filter area.

d.  The crankcase bolts should be torqued in proper sequence. Refer to the tightening sequence in the illustration.

LOWERCASE

UPPERCASE

 

 

1. Engine ground wire 2. Battery ground wire

4. Oil pump and strainer cover

a.   Place the oil pump drive chain on the transmission main axle.

b.   Place the drive chain on the oil pump driven sprocket and install the pump on the crankcase. The "O-ring" should be installed properly.

 

c. Install the drive chain cover on the oil pump and secure with the 2 shouldered bolts and one normal 6 mm bolt.

Tightening torque: 1.0m-kg(7.2ft-lb)

d. Install the strainer cover and torque the bolts to the specification.

Tightening torque: 1.0m-kg(7.2ft-lb)

1. Wire clamps

Clutch and Shifter Reassembly

5. Clutch assembly

a. Install the thrust plate onto the transmission main axle.

1. Thrust plate

b. Install the oil pump drive sprocket onto the main axle without the spacer collar and place the oil pump drive chain on its sprocket.

1. Oil pump drive sprocket

c. Insert the spacer collar into the oil pump drive sprocket.

1. Spacer collar

d. Install the primary driven gear (clutch housing) without the bearing and inner spacer.

|—CAUTION:--------------------------------------------■

Be sure that the oil pump drive gear tabs engage the clutch housing grooves on it's back or the tabs will be damaged when tightening the clutch boss securing nut.

e. Installing the primary driven gear bearing and inner spacer into the clutch housing.

1. Driven gear bearing 2. Inner spacer

f. Install the large thrust plate and clutch boss onto the main axle.

g. Install a new lock washer and nut and tighten the nut to the specified torque. Use the clutch boss holder (special tool).

1. Clutch boss holder

Tightening torque: 7.2 m-kg (52 ft-lb)

h. Bend the lock washer tabs along the nut flats.

1. Lock tab

i. Install the clutch plates and friction plates alternately on the clutch boss, starting with a friction plate and ending with a friction plate.

j. Install the plate washer, thrust bearing, and clutch pull rod into the clutch pressure plate from inside.

1. Pull rod 2. Thrust bearing 3. Plate washer

k. Install the pressure plate assembly onto the clutch boss.

NOTE:--------------------------------------------------------

Pressure plate has a dot on it which must line up with the dot on clutch boss.

I. Install the clutch springs and screws. Tighten the screws.

Clutch screw torque: 1.0 m-kg (7.2 ft-lb)

m. Set the gear of the clutch pull rod on the pressure plate facing approximately 45° from horizontal toward the rear; set the clutch lever (if installed) on the right crankcase cover parallel to the gasket surface and install the cover to the crankcase. Do not forget to install two dowel pins.

n. If the clutch lever has been removed, install the lever return spring and lever on the shaft after installing the right crankcase cover. In this case make sure that the punch mark on the lever should align with the mark on the crankcase cover when pushing the lever towards the front by hand and then install the circlip.

Middle Gear Reassembly

6. Middle gear (installation only, refer to page 67 for the middle gear adjustment)

a. Install the middle drive gear assembly with the proper size of shim(s) and secure it with the bearing retainers and new "TORX" screws.

Tightening torque: 2.5 m-kg (18 ft-lb)

1. Shims

b. Stake the screw heads to the dents on the bearing retainers with a center punch.

c. Install the driven gear assembly with the proper size of shims and secure it with the bolts. Apply a thread locking compound such as "LOCTITE" to the bolt threads,

Tightening torque:

2.5 m-kg (18.1 ft-lb)

1. Shims

d. Install the middle gear case half moon seal onto the crankcase.

1. Seal

7. Shifter assembly

a. Install the shift shaft assembly with the stopper lever.

b. Install the shift lever assembly with the positioning spring is properly located on the stopper pin and the teeth should be set properly as shown.

 

c. Install the left crankcase cover (shifter cover) using a new gasket. Make sure the wire harness clips are properly positioned.

Tightening torque: 1.0m-kg(7.2ft-lb)

Generator, Starter and Pick-up Coil Reassembly

8. A.C. Generator

a. Install the rotor onto the shaft and

tighten the bolt using the rotor holding

tool (special tool) as shown.

1. Rotor holding tool

Tightening torque: 5.5 m-kg (39.8 ft-lb)

b. Install the stator coil assembly onto the crankcase and align the grooves on the stator core with the bolt holes on the crankcase.

c. Install the A.C.G. cover assembly and tighten the bolts to the specification. Do not forget to install the new gasket.

Tightening torque: 1.0 m-kg (7.2 ft-lb)

9. Starter motor

a.   Route the A.C.G. lead wires as shown.

b.   Install the starter motor and tighten the bolts to the specification.

Tightening torque: 1.2 m-kg (8.7 ft-lb)

NOTE:

Be careful the "O-ring" is not damaged when installing the starter motor.

1. O-ring 2. A.C.G. lead wires

10. Pick-up coil assembly

a.   Install the pick-up coil assembly onto the crankcase.

b.   Install the timing plate on the crankshaft and tighten the bolt to the specification.

NOTE:------------------------------------------------------

Note that there is the locating pin on the crankshaft and the corresponding slot in the timing plate which must be aligned to install the timing plate.

Pistons and Cylinder Reassembly

11. Pistons and Cylinder a. Install the pistons on the rods. The arrow on the piston must point to the front of the engine.

NOTE:--------------------------------------------------------

Before installing the piston pin clips, cover

the crankcase with a clean rag so you will

not accidentally drop the circlip into the

crankcase.

Always install new piston pin circlips.

b. Install the rear chain guide on its pivot. Tighten the holding bolt until it stops and then loosen 1/4 turn and then tighten the lock nut.

1. Holding bolt 2. Rear chain guide

c. Install the new cylinder base gasket and dowel pins. Install the new "O-rings" to the right side dowei pins.

d. Set the crankshaft so that the all pistons are equal height and align the piston rings as shown.

CAUTION:-------------------------------------------

Make sure the ends of the oil ring expanders are not overlapped.

NOTE:--------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturer's marks or numbers stamped on the rings are on the top side of the rings. Coat the pistons and rings well with oil.

e. Install the piston ring compressors (special tool) and piston bases (special tool). Four piston bases are required.

1. Piston bases 2. Piston ring compressors

f. Tie the cam chain with a piece of mechanic's wire and feed it through the chain opening. Carefully lower the cylinder onto the pistons. Remove the ring compressors and piston bases and repeat this procedure for pistons 1 and 4.

g. Install the cylinder securing nut (front side) and tighten it to the specification.

Tightening torque:

2.0 m-kg (14.5 ft-lb)

h. Set the dial gauge on the No. 1 piston head center as shown to find the No. 1 piston top dead center and check whether the "1" mark on the timing plate and stationary pointer are aligned or not. If not, loosen the pointer securing screw and adjust.

Cylinder Head and Camshaft Reassembly

12. Cylinder head and Cam shafts 

a. Install the new cylinder head gasket. Install the dowel pins and "O-rings". Locate the cam chain cavity cylinder seal with the tabs down.

b.   Install the cylinder head onto the cylinder. Pull the cam chain through the cylinder head as it is installed. Tie the cam chain so that it does not fall into the crankcase.

c.   Place the upper cylinder head nuts and washers in place. Follow the illustration for the proper tightening sequence. Torque all nuts in two stages and final torque the upper nuts to the specification.

Tightening torque: 3.2 m-kg (23.1 ft-lb)

Don't forget the lower nuts on the front and rear of the cylinder head. Torque to the specification.

Tightening torque: 2.0 m-kg (14.5 ft-lb)

a. Copper washers

NOTE:---------------------------------------------------

Tighten the nuts in two stages, 1/2 torque value and then full torque value. Also lubricate the bolt threads with the engine oil to achieve proper torque values.

d. Install the front cam chain guide being certain that it is in its holder down below.

e. Rotate the engine in a counterclockwise direction until the crankcase pointer and "T" mark on the timing plate are aligned.

f.   With the cylinders No. 1 and 4 at the top dead center, slip the cam chain over the sprocket,

g.   Lubricate all cam caps and cam bearings surfaces liberally with oil.

h. Place the cam caps in their proper positions. The caps are identified "1-1" through "I-3" for intake and "E-1" through "E-3" for exhaust. Install the bolts only finger tight.

r— CAUTION:---------------------------------------

The cam caps must be tightened evenly or damage to the cylinder head, cam caps and cam will result. The spaces between the

caps and cylinder head should be equal.

I. Torque the cam cap bolts in two stages and final torque to the specification.

Tightening torque: 1.0 m-kg (7.2 ft-lb)

13. Cam chain, cam sprockets and chain tensioner a. Rotate each cam shaft until the dot on the cam is aligned with the arrow on the center cam cap.

|— CAUTION:-------------------------------------------.

Use extreme caution when rotating the cams. Two possible dangers exist. First, the wrench may contact the head and fracture it. Or second, a valve may become bent if the cam is turned the wrong way.

). Carefully lift the cam chain from the exhaust cam sprocket and pull upward to remove any slack in the chain between the crankshaft and the exhaust cam sprocket. With all slack removed, place the chain back on the cam sprocket.

;. Grip each sprocket simultaneously and place them on the camshaft shoulders while continuing to keep tension on the chain from the crankshaft to the exhaust sprocket.

CAUTION:------------------------------------------

Use only the special hardened shouldered bolts to install the cam chain sprockets to the cams.

Make sure the rollers of the cam chain are centered on both chain guides.

d.   Rotate the sprockets slightly to align the bolt holes and insert one special bolt in each sprocket.

NOTE: ------------------------------------------------------

Tighten only finger tight at this time.

e.   Install the center chain guide.

f. Rotate the crankshaft counterclockwise and align the "C" mark on the timing plate with the timing pointer.

g. Compress the cam chain tensioner and lock in the retracted position. 

h. Install the chain tensioner to the engine and torque the bolts to the specification.

Tightening torque: 1.0 m-kg (7.2 ft-lb)

i. Release the tensioner holding bolt, an audible click will be heard when the tensioner is released.

j. Torque the holding bolt and the lock nut to the specifications.

Holding bolt torque:

0.6 m-kg (4.3 ft-lb) Lock nut torque:

0.9 m-kg (6.5 ft-lb)

k. Rotate the crankshaft more than one full revolution and align the "T" mark on the timing plate with the timing pointer. With the crankshaft at the "T" mark, the dots on the cams should be aligned with the raised arrows on the center cam caps. If they are not aligned, disassemble the sprockets and chain tensioner and repeat above procedures. 

I. Rotate the crankshaft and install the two remaining shoulder bolts into the cam sprockets. Torque all four sprocket holding bolts to the specification.

|— CAUTION:-----------------------------------------.

Be sure to attain the specified torque value to avoid the possibility of these bolts coming loose and causing serious damage to the engine.

Tightening torque: 2.0 m-kg (14.5 ft-lb)

m. Adjust all valves as described in the "PERIODIC INSPECTIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS".

n. Install the cylinder head cover with a new gasket.

o. Install the left and right crankcase covers. The left crankcase cover (pickup coil cover) is required a gasket.

Middle Gear Adjustment

C. Middle Gear Servicing

1.    Disassembly

Refer to page 39 for disassembly.

2.    Inspection

Refer to page 52 for inspection.

3.    Gear lash check

NOTE:---------------------------------------------------

The middle gear lash can be checked only when the gears are installed in the crankcase.

a. Install the middle drive pinion holder (special tool) on the crankcase to hold the drive gear stationary during the lash measurement.

NOTE:----------------------------------------------------

Before installing the tool, loosen the holder bolt all the way out and after installation tighten this bolt as tight as necessary (finder tight is generally sufficient).

1. Middle drive pinion holder

b. Set the dial gauge to the middle drive flange as shown and gently rotate the drive flange back and forth. Note the lash measurement on the dial gauge.

Middle gear lash: 0.1 ~ 0.2mm(0.004~ 0.008 in)

c. Check this engagement at 4 positions. Rotate the drive flange 90° each time and repeat the gear lash check.

NOTE:--------------------------------------------------------

If the gear lash exceeds the specified limit and adjustment is necessary, the engine or swing arm should be removed from the motorcycle.

4. Gear lash adjustment

a. Install the driven gear housing assembly into the crankcase leaving about a 2 mm (0.080 in) gap between the housing and crankcase and install the two bolts to the bearing housing 180° opposite to each other.

a. 2 mm (0.080 in)

b. Install the middle drive shaft holder and dial gauge (refer to "Middle gear lash check").

c. Slowly tighten the bolts alternately until the dial gauge lash measurement reaches 0.2 mm (0.008 in).

d. Measure the gap between the driven gear bearing housing flange and the crankcase with a feeler gauge. This is the shim size required.

1. Feeler gauge

e. Install the proper sized shims as shown and tighten the driven gear housing to the specified torque.

Recheck the gear lash, it should be within the specification, if not readjust the shims.

Gear lash: 0.1 - 0.2 mm (0.004-0.008 in

5. Drive gear positioning

NOTE:------------------------------------------------------

When the following part(s) is replaced with new one(s), drive gear positioning is necessary

a.   Crankcase

b.   Middle gears

c.   Middle gear bearing housing

a. The shim thickness necessary for the drive gear positioning can be calculated from the information found on the upper crankcase and on the drive gear shaft.

b. To find shim thickness "A" use the

formula:

A = c —a — b

Where:

a= a numeral (usually a decimal number) printed on the shaft end as shown above and either added to or subtracted from the nominal size "43".

b = a bearing thickness (considered constant)

c = a numeral (usually a decimal number) found on the upper crankcase half near the main bearing selection numbers and added to the nominal size "60".

Distance "b"^ 16.94 mm

Example:

1)lf the shaft is marked +03 ...... "a" is

43.03 mm.

2)   "b" is 16.94 mm.

3) If the crankcase is stamped "45" ..... "c"

is 60.45 mm.

A = c — a —b

A = 60.45 ^16.94-43.03

A = 0.48

Then the necessary shim thickness is

0.48 mm.

c. Shim size are supplied in the following thicknesses:

0.15 mm, 0.20 mm, 0.30 mm, 0.40 mm, and 0.50 mm.

Because the shims can only be selected in 0.05 mm increments the following chart should be used when encountering last digits that are not 5 or zero (0):

Last digits

Rounding

0J.2

0

3,4,5,6,7

5

8,9

10

Remounting the Engine

REMOUNTING ENGINE

1. Reverse the applicable removal steps to reinstall.

CAUTION: Always use new bolts in the drive shaft coupling.

2. Install and tighten the engine mounting bolts.

Engine mounting bolt torque:

8 mm bolt: 2.0 m-kg (14.5 ft-lb) 
10 mm bolt: 4.2 m-kg (30.4 ft-lb) 
12 mm bolt: 7.0 m-kg (50.6 ft-lb)

3. Install the oil filter element into the filter cover and install a new "O-ring". Make sure the "O-ring" is positioned properly.

1. O-ring

Oil filter mounting bolt torque: 1.5 m-kg (11.0 ft-lb)

4. Install and tighten the engine oil drain plug and middle gear drain plug.

Engine oil drain plug torque: 4.3 m-kg (31.0 ft-lb)

Middle gear drain plug torque: 2.4 m-kg (17.5 ft-lb)

5. Add oil to the engine and middle gear case.

Oil quantities: 3.6L (3.8 US. qt.)

NOTE: The oil quantities are for an overhauled engine.